Arctic Plants and Flora
Given the islands are in Arctic climates, there is very little vegetation that grows in the Arctic Archipelago. Trees are practically non-existent, while dwarf shrubs, grasses, mosses, and lichens make up the tundra vegetation. Approximately 270 vascular plant species (which have true stems, leaves, and roots, such as ferns) and over 300 mosses can be found across the northern islands in what are locally dubbed mummified forests.
Voyagers are endlessly fascinated by the Arctic Archipelago and its incredible natural wonders. Among the most amazing sights to see are the fjords of Ellesmere Island, the northernmost island in Canada and home to Alexandra Fjord, one of the most incredible natural wonders in the Arctic. Explorers book passage through the High Arctic often for the specific purpose of visiting fjords like Alexandra Fjord, to appreciate the mesmerizing beauty of the landscape.
By passing through the Northwest Passage, travellers can venture onward to the east or west coast of Canada or continue the journey north. A northern adventure will eventually lead you to the alluring Arctic Circle, which has long captured the hearts and minds of travellers dating back hundreds of years.
There are other opportunities to explore the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. One of Quark Expedition’s the most exciting journeys is the Best of the Western Arctic: Canada and Greenland voyage. On this adventure, you get to explore not only the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, but you also have the opportunity to visit the western coast of Greenland. There, you’ll be able to appreciate how the rugged beauty of the fjords captures the hearts of polar travellers in both domains.